On the other hand, some researchers are echoing those of the Vietnam era, claiming that "a predictable backlash has set in, led by beleaguered parents concerned about the stresses on their children" (Cooper, Robinson, and Patall 2006, 4). In fact, according to two decades' worth of data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress (naep " the majority of all students at all grade levels averaged less than 1 hour of homework nightly" (Gill and Schlossman 2004, 180).
Homework for junior high students appears to reach the point of diminishing returns after about 90 minutes a night. For high school students, the positive line continues to climb until between 90 minutes and 2.5 hours of homework a night, after which returns diminish (Cooper, 1989; Cooper, Robinson, Patall, 2006). In recent years, the issue has received increased attention in the popular press and has become a topic of controversy. Unfortunately, research and commentary offer conflicting conclusions on homework. During the past decade, according to Gill and Schlossman (1996 "leading educational spokespersons have celebrated homework as essential to raise educational standards, foster high academic achievement, upgrade the quality of the.
Myth 2: Without excessive homework, students test scores will not be internationally competitive. What researchers say: Information from international assessments shows little relationship between the amount of homework students do and test scores.